Network Chico Computer Consulting home pageNetwork Chico security terms glossary

Network Chico Domains

Start Your Domain Name Search Here!
Enter a Domain Name:
www.

Network Chico Domains

Domain names, transfers, web hosting, email, SSL and more.

www.ChicoDomains.com

Network Chico proudly accepts VISA cards Network Chico proudly accepts MasterCard Network Chico proudly accepts Discover cards Network Chico proudly accepts American Express cards

Search Network Chico:

Network Chico Domains Hosts web hosting solutions, servers, web sites Network Chico Domains is your one stop shop for all your domain name registration needs including transfers, bulk handling and more. Network Chico Domains offers SSL, EV SSL secure certificates, certified domains, verification, vetting Network Chico Domains offers free email with every domain name purchase Network Chico Domains cares about the privacy of its customers and you'll love the selection of privacy options available for your new domain name. Network Chico Domains has a variety of ecommerce solutions to fit your business needs Network Chico Domains makes it easy to add a quick shopping cart to your new website. Network Chico Domains makes it easy for you to create your own web site tonight! Network Chico Domains offers web tracking, statistics, marketing tools and more for monitoring and promoting your new domain name and website.
Home About Contact Resources Security Services Support Linux Mac OS Windows Search Site map Help

NetChico
Network Chico
Network Chico Domains
Reseller Programs
 Secure Login to the new and improved Network Chico Domains Account Manager
 Secure Login to your Network Chico Reseller Account
Jobs Chico
Jobs Chico CA
Jobs Chico CA.com
Shop NetChico
About Network Chico
Domains Account Manager
FAQ
Links
Reseller Accounts
Billing
Domains Shopping Cart
Reseller Shopping Cart
Contact Network Chico
New Domains Account
Domains Account Manager
Domains Email Support
Mailing List
Computer Consulting Forums
Send email online
Site referral
Twitter
Computer Services
Consulting
Content Management
Custom built PCs
Custom Logo Service
Recycling
Remote Data Backups Service
Special offer
A+ Certified IT Technician designation
Internet Chico Computer Web Hosting Custom Website Design Domain Name Appraisals Domain Keywording Domain Name Forums Domain Transfers Backorder Domains Email Hosting Free hosting guide Getting started guides Legal agreements Merchant accounts Online Photo Album Hottest Reseller Program Reseller Programs SSL Certificates Hosting Private Registration Deluxe Registration Protected Registration Quick Shopping Cart Forwarding & Masking Business Registration Certified Domain Internationalized Domains Search Engine Visibility WebSite Builder Help Center Reseller Help Center SecurePaynet .me  GoHTTPS Computer Security Anti-virus security Current threats Email security Firewall security Intrusion prevention Network security Password security Registry security Secure Windows PC Privacy Security terms Server security Spyware security Web browser cookies Wi-fi security Internet Resources NetChico Links Directory Link partners Open directory WhoIs Client Support Area Articles Freeware Glossary Domains Support Linux Linux FAQ Linux history Linux news Linux security Linux tips Mac OS Mac OS security Mac maintenance tips Mac OS news Mac OS key combinations Windows Windows news Windows security Windows startup items Windows tips and tricks News Domains News Announcements Netchico compute News archive Search engine optimization Search engine submission Manual submission Site map Tech connection Computers plus more Network Operations Fun facts Product name generator Help Blogs: Define Domain Hosting Blog Define Domain Name Hosting Define Hosting Blog Domain Names Define Hostname Domains and Hosting Blog GoHTTPS Blog Web Hosting Soon Blog Domain Host Soon Reseller Blog Unlimited Reseller Hosting Reseller Hosting Soon Domain Reseller Program Web Server Soon South Virginia Street Reno Information Domains: Calendar .INFO domains 420 Evans Free Hosting Apache Linux Free Hosting Audacity Unlimited Free Hosting Best Mailing Lists CA Chico WebSite Tonight® Chico Computer Repair Chico Computers Chico DNS Chico Domain Names Chico Domains Chico Hosting Chico Hosts Chico Internet Domain Country Code Domains Chico ISP Free Hosting Chico Linux Dedicated Servers Chico Name Registration Chico PC Service Network Chico Reseller Program Site Surveys Chico Web Hosting & Servers Computer Products Systemax Custom PC's Computer Consulting CA Computer Repair Chico DNS dot DNS Web Systems Free Hosting Domain Names Available Domain Names Registration & Hosting Domain Reseller Store Dot Com Shop Eccles Securities Free Hosting File Cabinets Future Risk Consulting Host Chico Free Hosting Hosting Chico Internet Chico Free Hosting ISP Chico Free Hosting Linux Chico Network 4 PHP Free Hosting Network Chico Free Hosting Network Chico Domains Data Center NetChico Domain NetChico Domains Network Chico Domains Email Product Catalog Network Chico Domains Hosting Dedicated Servers Register Domains Transfer Domains Bulk Registration Network Chico Reseller Program Network Chico Domains SSL Custon Website Design Network Chico Domains Web Host Network Chico Domains Web Hosting NetMynX Free Hosting PHP MySQL Network Chico Reseller Program Network Chico Domains Network Computer Consulting Night Vision Central Nurse Hosting Office Supplies OurChico Free Hosting PDA and Handheld Pop-up Blocking Printers and Supplies Registration Web Domain Reno Computer Service Reseller Domains RFID Reseller Account Shop NetChico Free Hosting TNCC Free Hosting Turnkey Domain Reseller Turnkey Hosting Reseller Turnkey Web Hosting Reseller Virtual Private Networking Web Chico Free Hosting Web Hosting Chico Free Hosting Web Hosting Consultant Web Hosting Consulting Web Hosting Soon Free Hosting WiFi Central Wild Horse Prop XXX Domains(adult content) XXX TLD(adult content) Audacity X(adult content)
prog_id= 1ncd.com Network Chico Domains Domain Search DomainsNC.com Domains Network Network Domains Best Fax Machines Chico Computer Repair Chico PC Service Computer Chico Computer Consulting CA Computer Repair Chico Computers Chico Define Domain Hosting Define Domain Name Define Hosting Define Hostname Domain Names and Hosting Free Social Space Go HTTPS Hosting IP Address Hosting IP Addresses Hosting IP Dedicated Reseller Hosting Introvert .biz Resell Domains Reseller Agreement Reseller Programs Reseller Soon SecurePayNet Chico SmartSpace® VOIP

Free hosting php mysql Free hosting php ftp Free hosting mysql Free web hosting mysql

ICANN My Account What's New Reseller Program About Us FAQ Support: 480-624-2500Logout

Network Chico security terms glossary

| @ | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Search the security terms glossary:

Welcome to the Network Chico computer security terms glossary.

=C=

CARO: Computer Antivirus Research Organization. An informal group of professional antivirus researchers committed to improving the state of the art.

Cavity Infector: A virus that searches for a 'hole' in the infection target and inserts its code there is known as a cavity infector. This infection technique has the advantage of not increasing the size of the target - a common telltale of viral infection that can giveaway the virus' presence to observant victims. Many programs have pre-initialized arrays (usually filled with null characters) and/or stack space filled with common patterns and viruses can easily search for areas matching these patterns. If a cavity infector finds a suitably sized 'hole', it copies itself into that hole then patches the program's entry point so the virus code runs first (or makes whatever other change to the host to gain control). This gives the virus a chance to copy itself elsewhere in memory or just run and be done with before the host program possibly uses the data area overwritten by the virus. Although cavity infection is a rarely used technique, one of the first parasitic file infectors Lehigh, was a cavity virus. See also Multiple Cavity Infector; c.f. Appender, Companion Virus, Overwriter, Prepender.

CHS: Cylinder, Head, Sector. The notation by which the location of a disk sector is supplied to some disk access routines. In this usage, the term 'track' is analogous to cylinder and 'side' (or occasionally 'surface') is analogous to head, but CHS/Cylinder, Head, Sector has the advantage of being non-ambiguous. Its significance in antivirus work is that boot sector viruses (particularly MBR infectors) commonly make a 'safe' copy of the original contents of the sector they infect, and this is often located by a fixed CHS address. Thus, you may see descriptions of such viruses saying something like 'the original MBR is saved to 0,0,7' meaning, in this case, that the original MBR was saved to the seventh sector on head (or 'side') zero of cylinder (or 'track') zero.

Class Infector: A class infector is a macro virus whose code resides in one or more class modules. Class infectors became popular among macro virus writers shortly after the SR-1 (Service Release 1) version of Word 97 became available. With that version of Word, Microsoft introduced an undocumented antivirus feature that prevented the successful replication of most existing Word macro viruses. Under that version of Word, the most that earlier viruses can do is infect the normal template. They are not able to spread from there to documents. (This feature is present in all later versions of Word, including Word 98 for the Macintosh). Class infection, per se, was not necessary to subvert the SR-1 measures, but the first virus writer who realized what was happening coincidentally moved to infecting the default document class object.

Cluster Virus: Apart from directly infecting host files as appenders and prependers do, there are other ways to intercept calls to an executable file and have some other code run instead of, or before, the code from the intended file. One such method is cluster infection, used by a small number of DOS viruses. On a FAT file system this method usually involves saving the virus' code to the hard drive then altering the directory entry of an 'infected' file. The required directory entry change is to set the field that points to the first cluster of the file to the cluster holding the virus code and record the original initial cluster of the infected file in an unused field in the directory entry. When the user tries to execute an infected program, the operating system reads the virus from the apparent first cluster of the executable file and runs it. The virus does whatever else it is designed to do then loads and executes the original file, using the correct first cluster information it saved during the infection process. Dir-II was the first cluster virus and in the wild for some time. Because the cluster infection technique interferes with the linking of cluster chains apparently assigned to a file, these viruses are occasionally referred to as 'link viruses', although this usage should be avoided.

CMOS: Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor. The battery backed RAM used in AT and later PCs to store hardware configuration information uses CMOS technology. As this memory is not in the CPU address space, but addressed via I/O port reads and writes, its contents cannot be directly executed. This means that viruses cannot reside in nor infect the CMOS RAM. Some viruses alter the contents of the CMOS RAM as a payload, either scrambling them or removing the reference to the floppy drive so the hard drive's (infected) MBR will always run first during boot-up.

Collection Virus: See Zoo Virus.

Commercial RAT: Any commercial product that is normally used for remote administration, but which might be exploited to do this without user consent or awareness.

Companion Virus: There are other methods of infecting a system other than the most commonly used one of modifying an existing file (see Parasitic Virus. Given the way command-line interpreters (or shells) of several operating systems work, a virus can copy itself onto the system as an entire program yet be sure that much of the time, attempts to invoke a program will result in the virus' code being run first. Such programs are known as companion viruses and there are several forms of this infection method.
For example, under DOS (and at least from the command-line or 'Command Prompt' of its Windows relatives), if the shell is given a command that does not begin with a fully-specified filename, it searches the current directory, then each directory in the PATH environment variable (in the order they are listed), for a COM file matching the command name, then an EXE file and then a BAT file. Thus, a companion virus can 'infect' an EXE file by copying itself to the same directory as that file and using its filename but with a COM extension. (Similarly a BAT file could be 'infected' by copying the virus code to either an EXE or COM with the same filename.) Once the virus has done its work, it loads and executes the original program file. If the virus acts quickly the user is unlikely to notice the short delay this introduces and the fact the target runs 'normally' also reduces the likelihood of user suspicion. This infection technique is known as the program execution order companion method or the execution precedence companion method. Another companion infection method should be obvious from the preceding description of DOS' command interpretation process. Known as the path order companion method or the path precedence companion method, it depends on a copy of the virus being made in a directory earlier in the path than the directory housing the target. The virus file is given the same name as the target file (although it need not have the same extension - any executable extension will do) so the virus program will be found and executed instead of its target. As with execution order companions, path companions must take steps to ensure the original program runs after the virus has done its thing. Unlike execution order companions, path companions should also be successful on operating systems that do not depend on filename extensions to determine whether a file is 'executable', so long as they have something akin to the concept of a PATH variable. Yet another companion infection method involves renaming the target program to a non-executable extension then copying the virus to the same location, filename and extension as the target. When the user calls the program, instead of the intended one running, the virus is executed. Again, to avoid immediate detection, such renaming companion viruses must load and execute the original program. This approach has the advantage of being more likely to work under GUI shells (such as the Windows desktop) because such environments usually record full path and filenames when configuring desktop and menu shortcuts and the like. Under such an environment, path and execution order companions will have little effect as they leave the original program intact. Of course, replacing the original program as a renaming companion virus must, makes them much more visible to integrity checking methods. Although quite simple (because they are not required to alter existing executable files), companion viruses have been rarely seen until recently, when another companion infection technique started to become popular. Windows 95 and NT introduced (or, more correctly, promoted) more complex techniques for controlling how the usual operating system shell (normally Windows Explorer) handles files. Complex inter-relationships between file extensions and more finely described file types exist in the registry. For example, handling of EXE files is defined through a series of values in HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT. This sequence includes a handler for the 'opening' of EXE files. Normally the shell just loads and executes EXE files, much as earlier versions of Windows and DOS did. However, this can be usurped by altering the appropriate registry values so another program runs. So long as the introduced handler launches the original EXE 'as normal', the user will not become suspicious. Companion infection methods that do not involve replacing the target program defeat simple integrity checkers that only look for modifications to existing programs. For this reason, good integrity checkers also monitor the addition of new program files to a system. (c.f. Appender, Cavity Infector, Overwriter, Prepender)

Constructor Kit: Some virus writers are not content with writing their own viruses and have wondered about bringing the 'opportunity' of becoming a virus writer to the masses. The solution to this is usually some form of 'construction kit' - a program even a non-programmer can run, feed some parameters into and then produce a virus. Many have been produced over the years covering simple COM and/or EXE infectors, polymorphics, batch, macro and script viruses. Perhaps the best-known of the early ones were the Virus Construction Laboratory (VCL) and Phalcon/Skism Mass-Produced Code Generator (MS-MPC).

Cracking Misc: Any document and/or tool that provides guidance on how to remove copy protection.

Cracking Tool: Any software designed to modify other software for the purpose of removing usage restrictions. An example is a 'patcher' or 'patch generator', that will replace bytes at specified locations in a file, rendering it a licensed version. A music file ripper is a program that enables the user to digitally copy songs from a CD into many different formats such as MP3, WAV, or AIFC.

| @ | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |


Check out the Network Chico security resources for links to more information.

Windows security at Network Chico Mac OS security at Network Chico Linux security at Network Chico

Additional security pages: | Anti-virus | Browser cookies | Email | Firewall | IPS |

| Network | Passwords | Server | Spyware | Terms | Wireless |

View current Windows security threats from:


  • Network Chico forums The Network Chico forums have sections devoted to Mac OS, Windows and Linux security
  • Network Chico mailing list Your email address will never be sold or given to anyone
  • Search Network Chico Search Network Chico
  • Send Network Chico email online Send Network Chico email via this online form
  • Network Chico site referral Recommend the Network Chico web site to others

  • Network Chico home page About Network Chico Services available from Network Chico Network Chico client support area Network Chico computer security Internet resources at Network Chico Contact Network Chico


    Home About Contact Resources Security Services Support Linux Mac OS Windows Search Site map Help

    Network Chico Domains Hosts web hosting solutions, servers, web sites Network Chico Domains is your one stop shop for all your domain name registration needs including transfers, bulk handling and more. Network Chico Domains offers SSL, EV SSL secure certificates, certified domains, verification, vetting Network Chico Domains offers free email with every domain name purchase Network Chico Domains cares about the privacy of its customers and you'll love the selection of privacy options available for your new domain name. Network Chico Domains has a variety of ecommerce solutions to fit your business needs Network Chico Domains makes it easy to add a quick shopping cart to your new website. Network Chico Domains makes it easy for you to create your own web site tonight! Network Chico Domains offers web tracking, statistics, marketing tools and more for monitoring and promoting your new domain name and website.

    | Chico Domains | Chico Hosts | ChicoISP | ISPChico | Web Hosting Chico | Chico Domain Names | Chico Name Registration |

    | NCD hosting | NCD account | 419585 | Domain Names Registration and Hosting | Free Hosting Hosting | Registration Web Domain |


    1 SecurePaynet.net | Apache Linux Hosting | A SecurePaynet.net | Chico Domains | Chico Hosts | Chico ISP | ISP Chico | Linux Chico | Web Hosting Chico

    419585 | Chico Domain Names | Chico Name Registration | Domain Names Registration and Hosting | Registration Web Domain | Web Chico

    Chico California | Chico California | Chico California US | Chico California | Dedicated Hosting IP | Domain Reseller Store | GdShop | SecurePaynet Reseller

    Chico Advertising | Chico Cart | Chico Domain | Chico Email | Chico Marketing | Chico Merchant | Chico PR | Chico SSL | Domain Yourselfilly

    Chico Datacenter | Chico Servers | Chico Technology | Macho Web Hosting | Web-Control-Panel | Website Chico | Win Startups

    Computer Consulting Name | Computer Consulting Names | Random Password Generator | Reseller Support Forum | WWW Domains Hosting

    Create It For Me | Custom Create It For Me | Custom Web Site | Custom Web Site Design | Hottest Reseller Program | SSL Support Pack

    Chico Domain Name | Domain Chico | Domains Chico | Domain Name Chico | Domain Names Chico | Domains For Sale

    Domain Tool | Domains Host | Domains Host | Domains Host | Hosting Server | Hosting Server | Reseller Program | Reseller Program

    Domain Secondary | Domain Market Secondary | Domain Name Secondary | Domain Name Secondary Market | Secondary Aftermarket

    Domain Lookup | Domain Name Check | Domain Names Who Is | Domains Email | Domains Reseller | Domains SSL | Reseller Of Hosting

    Computer Consulting | Green Domain Name | Business Registration | Protected Registration | Green Hosting | Green Hosting Technology





    Get the Web Site or Logo you've always wanted for less than you ever imagined!

    NEW! Custom Web Site Design puts the professional design staff to work for you!
    Simply choose a professionally designed template and they'll build an eye-catching Web site just for you, complete with your images and text.

    The "Create it For Me" plan includes up to 5 professionally-built pages, world-class Web hosting, 30 minutes of monthly site updates and more, while the "Custom Create it For Me" plan offers additional pages, plus a custom header and complementary graphics for your Web site.

    And if you need a unique visual identity for your business or group, the Custom Logo Design service will give you a memorable look online and off! Just talk to one of the professional designers and they'll create three custom designs for you to choose from. Visit CustomLogoService.com to learn more.

    Visit Network Chico Domains now to find out how the Custom Web Site Design staff can give your business or organization a sleek, professional look on the Web and off!

    Thanks as always for being a Network Chico Domains customer.




    Network Chico Domains ... "Domains, they're delicious."

     

    Network Chico Domains

    https://www.ncdomains.com/

    "domain yourself silly"

    Domain Yourself Silly .com

    Web Hosting plans from just $5.99/month!


    Need Web Hosting? Get Web Hosting Soon!

    Define Hosting | Host Soon | Hosting Soon | Reseller Hosting Soon | Server Soon
    Define Domain Hosting | Define Domain Name | Define Hostname




    Store Home | Catalog | Shopping Cart | My Account | Help Center | Support | Whois | Legal Agreements | Jobs Chico CA

    Help | Mark Eccles | NetChico | Privacy policy | Search | Shop | Site map | TNCC | 419585 | 420592 | gdshop | free hosting php | free 150 | Reseller Program

    Domain Names | Web Hosting | SSL Certificates | Email Hosting | eCommerce Cart | WebSite Tonight | SmartSpace®

    Create A New Network Chico Domains Customer Account

    Create a New Network Chico Domains Customer Account

    A+ Certified IT Technician Designation

    Domains | Secure Server | Reseller Program Secure Server

    Web Store | Reseller Hosting | Reseller Hosting Soon

    ePaynet.net | SecurePaynet .me | SecurePaynet.net | www.SecurePaynet.net

    Copyright © 2018 by Network Chico Domains/Hosting The Network Chico Company All rights reserved.

    Network Chico proudly accepts VISA cards Network Chico proudly accepts MasterCard Network Chico proudly accepts Discover cards Network Chico proudly accepts American Express cards

    NetChico | Chico | Chico Ca | Chico Hosting | Jobs Chico | Jobs Chico CA