Network Chico Computer Consulting home pageLinux FAQ at Network ChicoLinux security at Network Chico

Network Chico Domains

Start Your Domain Name Search Here!
Enter a Domain Name:
www.

Network Chico Domains

Domain names, transfers, web hosting, email, SSL and more.

www.ChicoDomains.com

Network Chico proudly accepts VISA cards Network Chico proudly accepts MasterCard Network Chico proudly accepts Discover cards Network Chico proudly accepts American Express cards

Search Network Chico:

Network Chico Domains Hosts web hosting solutions, servers, web sites Network Chico Domains is your one stop shop for all your domain name registration needs including transfers, bulk handling and more. Network Chico Domains offers SSL, EV SSL secure certificates, certified domains, verification, vetting Network Chico Domains offers free email with every domain name purchase Network Chico Domains cares about the privacy of its customers and you'll love the selection of privacy options available for your new domain name. Network Chico Domains has a variety of ecommerce solutions to fit your business needs Network Chico Domains makes it easy to add a quick shopping cart to your new website. Network Chico Domains makes it easy for you to create your own web site tonight! Network Chico Domains offers web tracking, statistics, marketing tools and more for monitoring and promoting your new domain name and website.
Home About Contact Resources Security Services Support Linux Mac OS Windows Search Site map Help

NetChico
Network Chico
Network Chico Domains
Reseller Programs
 Secure Login to the new and improved Network Chico Domains Account Manager
 Secure Login to your Network Chico Reseller Account
Jobs Chico
Jobs Chico CA
Jobs Chico CA.com
Shop NetChico
About Network Chico
Domains Account Manager
FAQ
Links
Reseller Accounts
Billing
Domains Shopping Cart
Reseller Shopping Cart
Contact Network Chico
New Domains Account
Domains Account Manager
Domains Email Support
Mailing List
Computer Consulting Forums
Send email online
Site referral
Twitter
Computer Services
Consulting
Content Management
Custom built PCs
Custom Logo Service
Recycling
Remote Data Backups Service
Special offer
A+ Certified IT Technician designation
Internet Chico Computer Web Hosting Custom Website Design Domain Name Appraisals Domain Keywording Domain Name Forums Domain Transfers Backorder Domains Email Hosting Free hosting guide Getting started guides Legal agreements Merchant accounts Online Photo Album Hottest Reseller Program Reseller Programs SSL Certificates Hosting Private Registration Deluxe Registration Protected Registration Quick Shopping Cart Forwarding & Masking Business Registration Certified Domain Internationalized Domains Search Engine Visibility WebSite Builder Help Center Reseller Help Center SecurePaynet .me  GoHTTPS Computer Security Anti-virus security Current threats Email security Firewall security Intrusion prevention Network security Password security Registry security Secure Windows PC Privacy Security terms Server security Spyware security Web browser cookies Wi-fi security Internet Resources NetChico Links Directory Link partners Open directory WhoIs Client Support Area Articles Freeware Glossary Domains Support Linux Linux FAQ Linux history Linux news Linux security Linux tips Mac OS Mac OS security Mac maintenance tips Mac OS news Mac OS key combinations Windows Windows news Windows security Windows startup items Windows tips and tricks News Domains News Announcements Netchico compute News archive Search engine optimization Search engine submission Manual submission Site map Tech connection Computers plus more Network Operations Fun facts Product name generator Help Blogs: Define Domain Hosting Blog Define Domain Name Hosting Define Hosting Blog Domain Names Define Hostname Domains and Hosting Blog GoHTTPS Blog Web Hosting Soon Blog Domain Host Soon Reseller Blog Unlimited Reseller Hosting Reseller Hosting Soon Domain Reseller Program Web Server Soon South Virginia Street Reno Information Domains: Calendar .INFO domains 420 Evans Free Hosting Apache Linux Free Hosting Audacity Unlimited Free Hosting Best Mailing Lists CA Chico WebSite Tonight® Chico Computer Repair Chico Computers Chico DNS Chico Domain Names Chico Domains Chico Hosting Chico Hosts Chico Internet Domain Country Code Domains Chico ISP Free Hosting Chico Linux Dedicated Servers Chico Name Registration Chico PC Service Network Chico Reseller Program Site Surveys Chico Web Hosting & Servers Computer Products Systemax Custom PC's Computer Consulting CA Computer Repair Chico DNS dot DNS Web Systems Free Hosting Domain Names Available Domain Names Registration & Hosting Domain Reseller Store Dot Com Shop Eccles Securities Free Hosting File Cabinets Future Risk Consulting Host Chico Free Hosting Hosting Chico Internet Chico Free Hosting ISP Chico Free Hosting Linux Chico Network 4 PHP Free Hosting Network Chico Free Hosting Network Chico Domains Data Center NetChico Domain NetChico Domains Network Chico Domains Email Product Catalog Network Chico Domains Hosting Dedicated Servers Register Domains Transfer Domains Bulk Registration Network Chico Reseller Program Network Chico Domains SSL Custon Website Design Network Chico Domains Web Host Network Chico Domains Web Hosting NetMynX Free Hosting PHP MySQL Network Chico Reseller Program Network Chico Domains Network Computer Consulting Night Vision Central Nurse Hosting Office Supplies OurChico Free Hosting PDA and Handheld Pop-up Blocking Printers and Supplies Registration Web Domain Reno Computer Service Reseller Domains RFID Reseller Account Shop NetChico Free Hosting TNCC Free Hosting Turnkey Domain Reseller Turnkey Hosting Reseller Turnkey Web Hosting Reseller Virtual Private Networking Web Chico Free Hosting Web Hosting Chico Free Hosting Web Hosting Consultant Web Hosting Consulting Web Hosting Soon Free Hosting WiFi Central Wild Horse Prop XXX Domains(adult content) XXX TLD(adult content) Audacity X(adult content)
prog_id= 1ncd.com Network Chico Domains Domain Search DomainsNC.com Domains Network Network Domains Best Fax Machines Chico Computer Repair Chico PC Service Computer Chico Computer Consulting CA Computer Repair Chico Computers Chico Define Domain Hosting Define Domain Name Define Hosting Define Hostname Domain Names and Hosting Free Social Space Go HTTPS Hosting IP Address Hosting IP Addresses Hosting IP Dedicated Reseller Hosting Introvert .biz Resell Domains Reseller Agreement Reseller Programs Reseller Soon SecurePayNet Chico SmartSpace® VOIP

Free hosting php mysql Free hosting php ftp Free hosting mysql Free web hosting mysql

ICANN My Account What's New Reseller Program About Us FAQ Support: 480-624-2500Logout

3. The Linux Kernel

Q: What Platforms Does Linux Support?
Q: What Hardware Is Supported?
Q: Ports to Other Processors
Q: How Does Linux Kernel Versioning Work?
Q: Where Is the Latest Kernel Version on the Internet?
Q: Does Linux Support Threads or Lightweight Processes?
Q: What Version of Linux and What Machine Name Is This?
Q: What is a BogoMip?
Q: Does Linux Support USB Devices?
Q: Can Linux Use More than 3 Serial Ports by Sharing Interrupts?

Q: What Platforms Does Linux Support?

A: Linux runs on almost every general-purpose computer made in the last 20 years. It runs on systems as small as PDAs (for example, the Sharp Zaurus) and on systems as large as IBM mainframes.

There are Linux distributions specifically for mobile and handheld platforms. Information on the Linux distribution for the Compaq iPAQ is at http://www.handhelds.org.

A: Linux was written originally for Intel processor based PC's, using the hardware facilities of the 80386 processor and its successors to implement its features. The 80386 family includes the 80486 and all of the Pentium chips. However, there are now many ports to other hardware platforms. See Ports to Other Processors.

Refer also to the Linux INFO-SHEET for more details as well as the answers to Where Is the Documentation?, What Hardware Is Supported?, and Ports to Other Processors, below.

Q: What Hardware Is Supported?

A: A minimal Linux installation requires a machine for which a port exists, at least 2Mb of RAM, and a single floppy drive, but to do anything even remotely useful, more RAM and disk space are needed. Refer to: Ports to Other Processors, What are the Disk Space Requirements for Minimal, Server, and Workstation Use?, and What are the Minimum and Maximum Memory Requirements?.

Intel CPU, PC-compatible machines require at least an 80386 processor to run the standard Linux kernel.

Linux, including the X Window System GUI, runs on most current laptops. Refer to the answer for: How Do I Find Out If a Notebook Runs Linux?. There are numerous sources of information about specific PC's, video cards, disk controllers, and other hardware. Refer to the INFO-SHEET, Laptop-HOWTO, and the Unix-Hardware-Buyer-HOWTO. See Where Is the Documentation?.

Q: Ports to Other Processors

A: There are always efforts underway to port Linux onto new processors. Linux Online maintains a http://www.linux.org/projects/ports.html:list of ports currently in development.

In addition, the following information is available about specific ports:

On Intel platforms, VESA Local Bus and PCI bus are supported.

MCA (IBM's proprietary bus) and ESDI hard drives are mostly supported. There is further information on the MCA bus and what cards Linux supports on the Micro Channel Linux Web page, http://www.dgmicro.com/mca. Refer also to the answer for: Where Is the Linux Stuff on the World Wide Web?.

There is a port of Linux to the 8086, known as the Embeddable Linux Kernel Subset (ELKS). This is a 16-bit subset of the Linux kernel which will mainly be used for embedded systems, at: http://www.linux.org.uk/Linux8086.html. Standard Linux does not run 8086 or 80286 processors, because it requires task-switching and memory management facilities found on 80386 and later processors.

Linux supports multiprocessing with Intel MP architecture. See the file Documentation/smp.tex in the Linux kernel source code distribution.

An API specification and developers kit for the Crusoe Smart Microprocessor developed by Transmeta Corporation are at http://www.transmeta.com.

A project has been underway for a while to port Linux to suitable 68000-series based systems like Amigas and Ataris. The Linux/m68K FAQ is located at http://www.clark.net/pub/lawrencc/linux/faq/faq.html. The URL of the Linux/m68k home page is http://www.linux-m68k.org/faq/faq.html.

There is also a linux-680x0 mailing list. See What Mailing Lists Are There?.

There is (or was) a FTP site for the Linux-m68k project on ftp://ftp.phil.uni-sb.de/pub/atari/linux-68k, but this address may no longer be current.

Debian GNU/Linux has ports to Alpha, Sparc, Motorola 68k, PowerPC, ARM, IBM S/390, MIPS, HP PA-RISC, and IA-64. A Port to amd64 is being developed. There are mailing lists for all of them. See http://www.debian.org/MailingLists/ for general information, then follow the "subscription" link, and find the mailing list you are interested in.

One of the Linux-PPC project pages is http://www.linuxppc.org, and the archive site is ftp://ftp.linuxppc.org/linuxppc.

There are two sites for the Linux iMac port: http://w3.one.net/~johnb/imaclinux, and http://www.imaclinux.net:8080/content/index.html.

A port to the 64-bit DEC Alpha/AXP is at http://www.azstarnet.com/~axplinux/. There is a mailing list at vger.redhat.com: see What Mailing Lists Are There?.

Ralf Baechle is working on a port to the MIPS, initially for the R4600 on Deskstation Tyne machines. The Linux-MIPS FTP sites are ftp://ftp.fnet.fr/linux-mips and ftp://ftp.linux.sgi.com/pub/mips-linux. Interested people may mail their questions and offers of assistance to linux@waldorf-gmbh.de.

There is (or was) also a MIPS channel on the Linux Activists mail server and a linux-mips mailing list. See What Mailing Lists Are There?.

There are currently two ports of Linux to the ARM family of processors. One of these is for the ARM3, fitted to the Acorn A5000, and it includes I/O drivers for the 82710/11 as appropriate. The other is to the ARM610 of the Acorn RISC PC. The RISC PC port is currently in its early to middle stages, owing to the need to rewrite much of the memory handling. The A5000 port is in restricted beta testing. A release is likely soon.

For more, up-to-date information, read the newsgroup news:comp.sys.acorn.misc. There is a FAQ at http://www.arm.uk.linux.org.

The Linux SPARC project is a hotbed of activity. There is a FAQ and plenty of other information available from the UltraLinux page, http://www.ultralinux.org.

The Home Page of the UltraSPARC port ("UltraPenguin") is located at http://sunsite.mff.cuni.cz/linux/ultrapenguin-1.0/, although the URL may not be current.

There is also a port to SGI/Indy machines ("Hardhat"). The URL is http://www.linux.sgi.com.

Q: How Does Linux Kernel Versioning Work?

A: At any given time, there are several "stable" versions of Linux, and one "development" version. Unlike most proprietary software, older stable versions continue to be supported for as long as there is interest, which is why multiple versions exist.

Linux version numbers follow a longstanding tradition. Each version has three numbers, i.e., X.Y.Z. The "X" is only incremented when a really significant change happens, one that makes software written for one version no longer operate correctly on the other. This happens very rarely -- in Linux's history it has happened exactly once.

The "Y" tells you which development "series" you are in. A stable kernel will always have an even number in this position, while a development kernel will always have an odd number.

The "Z" specifies which exact version of the kernel you have, and it is incremented on every release.

The current stable series is 2.4.x, and the current development series is 2.5.x. However, many people continue to run 2.2.x and even 2.0.x kernels, and they als o continue to receive bugfixes. The development series is the code that the Linu x developers are actively working on, which is always available for public viewing, testing, and even use, although production use is not recommended! This is part of the "open source development" method.

Eventually, the 2.5.x development series will be "sprinkled with holy penguin pee" and become the 2.6.0 kernel and a new stable series will then be established, and a 2.7.x development series begun. Or, if any really major changes happen, it might become 3.0.0 instead, and a 3.1.x series begun.

Q: Where Is the Latest Kernel Version on the Internet?

A: The easiest way to update your kernel is to get the update directly from the distribution which you are running.

A: If you need or want to configure and compile your own kernel, the web page at http://www.kernel.org/ lists the current versions of the development and production kernels.

If you want to download the source code, FTP to ftp.xx.kernel.org, where xx is the two-letter Internet domain abbreviation of your country; e.g., us for United States, ca for Canada, or de for Germany. Kernel versions 2.2.x are archived in the directory pub/linux/kernel/v2.2, as are patches for the prerelease versions. The kernel source code is archived as a .tar.gz file, and as a .tar.bz2 file.

Follow the instructions in any of the standard references to compile the kernel, as you would with any other custom kernel. The Documentation subdirectory contains information by the authors of various subsystems and drivers, and much of that information is not documented elsewhere.

If you want to participate in kernel development, make sure that you sign on to the linux-kernel mailing list to find out what people are working on. Refer to the answer: What Mailing Lists Are There?.

There is a story about the features of the 2.4 series kernels at http://features.linuxtoday.com/stories/8191.html.

Q: Does Linux Support Threads or Lightweight Processes?

A: As well as the Unix multiprocessing model involving heavyweight processes, which is of course part of the standard Linux kernel, there are several implementations of lightweight processes or threads. Recent kernels implement a thread model, kthreads. In addition, there are the following packages available for Linux.

 

Please contact the authors of the packages in question for details.

Q: What Version of Linux and What Machine Name Is This?

A: Type:

 $ uname -a

Q: What is a BogoMip?

A: "BogoMips" is a combination of Bogus and Mips. MIPS stands for (depending on who you ask) Millions of Instructions per Second, or Meaningless Indication of Processor Speed.

The number printed at boot time is the result of a kernel timing calibration, used for very short delay loops by some device drivers.

According to the BogoMips mini-HOWTO, the rating for your machine will be:

Common BogoMips Ratings
Processor               BogoMips                 Comparison
---------               --------                 ----------
Intel 8088              clock * 0.004            0.02
Intel/AMD 386SX         clock * 0.14             0.8
Intel/AMD 386DX         clock * 0.18             1 (definition)
Motorola 68030          clock * 0.25             1.4
Cyrix/IBM 486           clock * 0.34             1.8
Intel Pentium           clock * 0.40             2.2
Intel 486               clock * 0.50             2.8
AMD 5x86                clock * 0.50             2.8
Mips R4000/R4400        clock * 0.50             2.8
Nexgen Nx586            clock * 0.75             4.2
PowerPC 601             clock * 0.84             4.7
Alpha 21064/21064A      clock * 0.99             5.5
Alpha 21066/21066A      clock * 0.99             5.5
Alpha 21164/21164A      clock * 0.99             5.5
Intel Pentium Pro       clock * 0.99             5.5
Cyrix 5x86/6x86         clock * 1.00             5.6
Intel Pentium II/III    clock * 1.00             5.6
Intel Celeron           clock * 1.00             5.6
Mips R4600              clock * 1.00             5.6
Alpha 21264             clock * 1.99             11.1
AMD K5/K6/K6-2/K6-III   clock * 2.00             11.1
UltraSparc II           clock * 2.00             11.1
Pentium MMX             clock * 2.00             11.1
PowerPC 604/604e/750    clock * 2.00             11.1
Motorola 68060          clock * 2.01             11.2
Motorola 68040 Not enough data (yet).
AMD Athlon Not enough data (yet).
IBM S390 Not enough data (yet).

If the number is wildly lower, you may have the Turbo button or CPU speed set incorrectly, or have some kind of caching problem (as described in Why Does the System Slow to a Crawl When Adding More Memory?).

For values people have seen with other, rarer, chips, or to calculate your own BogoMips rating, please refer to the BogoMips Mini-HOWTO, on ftp://metalab.unc.edu/. See Where Is the Documentation?.

[Wim van Dorst]

Q: Does Linux Support USB Devices?

A: Linux supports a few dozen USB devices at present, and work is underway to develop additional device drivers. There is a Web page devoted to the subject, at http://www.linux-usb.org. There is also LDP documentation, at: Where Is the Linux Stuff on the World Wide Web?.

Support for USB version 2.0 was recently added to development kernels, but is not yet available in the 2.4 series.

Q: Can Linux Use More than 3 Serial Ports by Sharing Interrupts?

A: Yes, but you won't be able to use simultaneously two ordinary ports which share an interrupt (without some trickery). This is a limitation of the ISA Bus architecture.

See the Serial HOWTO for information about possible solutions and workarounds for this problem.

  • Linux information at Network Chico Linux information at Network Chico
  • Linux history at Network Chico Linux history at Network Chico
  • Linux news at Network Chico Linux news at Network Chico
  • Linux security at Network Chico Linux security at Network Chico
  • Linux tips at Network Chico Linux tips at Network Chico

  • Network Chico forums Read or post announcements, comments or questions in the Network Chico forums
  • Network Chico mailing list Your email address will never be sold or given to anyone
  • Search Network Chico Search Network Chico
  • Send Network Chico email online Send Network Chico email via this online form
  • Network Chico site referral Recommend the Network Chico web site to others
  • Windows security at Network Chico Mac OS security at Network Chico Linux security at Network Chico


    Network Chico home page About Network Chico Services available from Network Chico Network Chico client support area Network Chico computer security Internet resources at Network Chico Contact Network Chico


    Home About Contact Resources Security Services Support Linux Mac OS Windows Search Site map Help

    Network Chico Domains Hosts web hosting solutions, servers, web sites Network Chico Domains is your one stop shop for all your domain name registration needs including transfers, bulk handling and more. Network Chico Domains offers SSL, EV SSL secure certificates, certified domains, verification, vetting Network Chico Domains offers free email with every domain name purchase Network Chico Domains cares about the privacy of its customers and you'll love the selection of privacy options available for your new domain name. Network Chico Domains has a variety of ecommerce solutions to fit your business needs Network Chico Domains makes it easy to add a quick shopping cart to your new website. Network Chico Domains makes it easy for you to create your own web site tonight! Network Chico Domains offers web tracking, statistics, marketing tools and more for monitoring and promoting your new domain name and website.

    | Chico Domains | Chico Hosts | ChicoISP | ISPChico | Web Hosting Chico | Chico Domain Names | Chico Name Registration |

    | NCD hosting | NCD account | 419585 | Domain Names Registration and Hosting | Free Hosting Hosting | Registration Web Domain |


    1 SecurePaynet.net | Apache Linux Hosting | A SecurePaynet.net | Chico Domains | Chico Hosts | Chico ISP | ISP Chico | Linux Chico | Web Hosting Chico

    419585 | Chico Domain Names | Chico Name Registration | Domain Names Registration and Hosting | Registration Web Domain | Web Chico

    Chico California | Chico California | Chico California US | Chico California | Dedicated Hosting IP | Domain Reseller Store | GdShop | SecurePaynet Reseller

    Chico Advertising | Chico Cart | Chico Domain | Chico Email | Chico Marketing | Chico Merchant | Chico PR | Chico SSL | Domain Yourselfilly

    Chico Datacenter | Chico Servers | Chico Technology | Macho Web Hosting | Web-Control-Panel | Website Chico | Win Startups

    Computer Consulting Name | Computer Consulting Names | Random Password Generator | Reseller Support Forum | WWW Domains Hosting

    Create It For Me | Custom Create It For Me | Custom Web Site | Custom Web Site Design | Hottest Reseller Program | SSL Support Pack

    Chico Domain Name | Domain Chico | Domains Chico | Domain Name Chico | Domain Names Chico | Domains For Sale

    Domain Tool | Domains Host | Domains Host | Domains Host | Hosting Server | Hosting Server | Reseller Program | Reseller Program

    Domain Secondary | Domain Market Secondary | Domain Name Secondary | Domain Name Secondary Market | Secondary Aftermarket

    Domain Lookup | Domain Name Check | Domain Names Who Is | Domains Email | Domains Reseller | Domains SSL | Reseller Of Hosting

    Computer Consulting | Green Domain Name | Business Registration | Protected Registration | Green Hosting | Green Hosting Technology





    Get the Web Site or Logo you've always wanted for less than you ever imagined!

    NEW! Custom Web Site Design puts the professional design staff to work for you!
    Simply choose a professionally designed template and they'll build an eye-catching Web site just for you, complete with your images and text.

    The "Create it For Me" plan includes up to 5 professionally-built pages, world-class Web hosting, 30 minutes of monthly site updates and more, while the "Custom Create it For Me" plan offers additional pages, plus a custom header and complementary graphics for your Web site.

    And if you need a unique visual identity for your business or group, the Custom Logo Design service will give you a memorable look online and off! Just talk to one of the professional designers and they'll create three custom designs for you to choose from. Visit CustomLogoService.com to learn more.

    Visit Network Chico Domains now to find out how the Custom Web Site Design staff can give your business or organization a sleek, professional look on the Web and off!

    Thanks as always for being a Network Chico Domains customer.




    Network Chico Domains ... "Domains, they're delicious."

     

    Network Chico Domains

    https://www.ncdomains.com/

    "domain yourself silly"

    Domain Yourself Silly .com

    Web Hosting plans from just $5.99/month!


    Need Web Hosting? Get Web Hosting Soon!

    Define Hosting | Host Soon | Hosting Soon | Reseller Hosting Soon | Server Soon
    Define Domain Hosting | Define Domain Name | Define Hostname




    Store Home | Catalog | Shopping Cart | My Account | Help Center | Support | Whois | Legal Agreements | Jobs Chico CA

    Help | Mark Eccles | NetChico | Privacy policy | Search | Shop | Site map | TNCC | 419585 | 420592 | gdshop | free hosting php | free 150 | Reseller Program

    Domain Names | Web Hosting | SSL Certificates | Email Hosting | eCommerce Cart | WebSite Tonight | SmartSpace®

    Create A New Network Chico Domains Customer Account

    Create a New Network Chico Domains Customer Account

    A+ Certified IT Technician Designation

    Domains | Secure Server | Reseller Program Secure Server

    Web Store | Reseller Hosting | Reseller Hosting Soon

    ePaynet.net | SecurePaynet .me | SecurePaynet.net | www.SecurePaynet.net

    Copyright © 2018 by Network Chico Domains/Hosting The Network Chico Company All rights reserved.

    Network Chico proudly accepts VISA cards Network Chico proudly accepts MasterCard Network Chico proudly accepts Discover cards Network Chico proudly accepts American Express cards

    NetChico | Chico | Chico Ca | Chico Hosting | Jobs Chico | Jobs Chico CA